A pharmaceutical audit is a systematic, independent examination of a pharmaceutical company’s operations and processes to ensure compliance with Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP), regulatory guidelines, and quality standards. Audits can be conducted internally, by regulatory authorities, or by third-party organizations to verify that companies meet industry requirements for producing safe and effective medicines.
Some of the key standards for the pharmaceutical quality audit
Good Manufacturing Practice (GMP)
GMP is a set of regulations enforced by regulatory agencies worldwide to ensure the quality, safety, and efficacy of pharmaceutical products. GMP audits assess manufacturing processes, facilities, equipment, personnel, and documentation to ensure compliance with these standards.
International Conference on Harmonisation (ICH) Guidelines
The ICH develops guidelines for the pharmaceutical industry to ensure the quality, safety, efficacy, and regulatory compliance of drugs. These guidelines cover various aspects of pharmaceutical development, including manufacturing, quality management, and clinical trials. Audits based on ICH guidelines focus on adherence to these standards.
ISO 9001 is an international standard for quality management systems (QMS). While not specific to the pharmaceutical industry, many pharmaceutical companies implement ISO 9001 to establish and maintain effective quality management systems. ISO 9001 audits evaluate the company’s QMS against the requirements of the standard.
PIC/S (Pharmaceutical Inspection Co-operation Scheme)
PIC/S is an international organization that aims to harmonize GMP standards and procedures worldwide. PIC/S provides guidance documents and training for pharmaceutical inspectors and conducts audits to ensure compliance with GMP requirements.
In the United States, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) conducts inspections of pharmaceutical manufacturers to assess compliance with GMP regulations. These inspections may be routine or triggered by specific events such as product recalls or complaints. FDA audits are rigorous and can have significant implications for the company’s ability to market its products.
The European Medicines Agency (EMA) conducts inspections of pharmaceutical manufacturers within the European Union to verify compliance with EU GMP regulations. These inspections are similar to FDA inspections but are specific to the European regulatory framework.
WHO Prequalification Program
The World Health Organization (WHO) prequalification program evaluates pharmaceutical products and manufacturers to ensure they meet international quality standards, particularly for products intended for use in resource-limited settings or in global health initiatives. WHO audits assess compliance with WHO GMP standards and other relevant guidelines.
Most Popular Quality Standard Guidelines
Here are the list of the key auditing standards for pharmaceutical industry –
- In Europe – The GMP Directive 2003/94/EC and EudraLex – Volume 4
- In the USA – CFRs Title 21, Parts 210 and 211
- PIC/S GMP guidelines
- ICH Q10: Pharmaceutical quality system (current edition) ICH Q9: Quality risk management (current edition)
- ICH Q8: Pharmaceutical development (current edition)
- ICH Q7: Good manufacturing practice guide for active pharmaceutical ingredients
- ISO 19011: Guidelines for auditing management systems (current edition)
- ISO 17021: Requirements for bodies providing audit and certification of management systems (current version).